Zubal Phantom logoYale IPAG logo
information title
detailed head image We have segmented CT torso+head and MRI head slices of two living human males. The manually segmented 129 x-ray CT transverse slices were used to create a computerized 3-dimensional volume array modeling all major internal structures of the body. The original x-ray CT images were reconstructed in a 512x512 matrix with a resolution of 1 millimeter in the x,y plane. the z-axis resolution is 1 centimeter from neck to mid-thigh and 0.5 centimeter from neck to crown of the head. Each voxel of the volume contains an index number designating it as belonging to a given organ or internal structure; 68 such index numbers are assigned. The final torso+head phantom is interpolated to create a 128x128x243 byte volume with isotropic voxel dimensions of 4 mms.
Secondly, a dedicated head phantom was created by similar processing in which 124 transverse MRI were outlined. The transverse T2 slices, recorded in a 256x256 matrix have isotropic voxel dimensions of 1.5 mm. This dedicated head phantom contains 62 index numbers designating neurological and taxonomical structures in the brain, as well as anatomical regions. The final volume is contained within a 256x256x128 byte array.
Both of these volume arrays represent high resolution models of the human anatomy and can serve as a voxel-based anthropomorphic phantom suitable for many computer-based modeling and simulation calculations. We have applied them to Monte Carlo simulations from which realistic image projection data has been generated.

The Zubal Phantom data is free for use but we ask that you agree to certain conditions for using it. Please click Phantom Data in the navigation bar more information.

The Visible Human Project® Website
The Visible Human Project® is an outgrowth of the National Library of Medicine's 1986 Long-Range Plan. It is the creation of complete, anatomically detailed, three-dimensional representations of the normal male and female human bodies.


Info | Library | Sample Images | Phantom Data | Contact | Yale IPAG | Home

Any questions or problems with the phantom or website
Email George Zubal at George.Zubal@Yale.Edu